Treating sports injuries is an extensive process because many common injuries have the potential to cause chronic pain and lingering damage long after the initial problem has healed. Sports medicine is the combination of diagnostic testing, treatment (casting, bracing and prescribing medication), and physical therapy that athletes may need after sustaining an injury. Here are some of the common ailments that are encountered in sports medicine:
- Sprains and strains: Overextending or twisting a muscle or tendon can lead to a sprain or strain. A sprain is more serious and may actually cause tissue to tear. The ACL is one of the most commonly injured ligaments because it is located in the knee and the knees are subject to heavy impact from your body weight. Reducing inflammation is the primary goal of initial treatment. Physical therapy is often utilized over an extended period to strengthen the injured areas and prevent future sports injuries.
- Head trauma: Contact sports have the threat of concussion when cranial impact is made. Thorough screening is needed when a head injury occurs because serious neurological damage could be incurred. Brain images may be taken with an MRI to determine the extent of damage.
- Back injuries: Rigorous activity may have a negative effect on the health of your spine. Over time, back pain and numbness may be experienced. X-rays can be taken to pinpoint areas that have been subject to damage. Physical therapy is often useful in treatment, realigning the structures of the spine and helping to alleviate pressure on nerves in the spinal cord.
If you have experienced a sports injury or noticed a decrease in your athletic performance, then contact TOCA in Phoenix. We specialize in orthopedic medicine and physical therapy. To schedule a consultation with one of our skilled physicians, visit our website or call us at (602) 639-4027.